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See below, what kind of changes to the text might be expected for translations from English to Korean or vice versa.
Translation from English to Korean or vice versa entails certain changes in the resulting text. These changes are caused by the inherent differences between the languages. The following things in your order might be affected:
- The layout of the resulting text
- Time it takes to translate
- Translation complexity
Among other factors, these parameters can influence the final price as well. The layout factor is especially important to those, who are interested in our DTP (Desktop Publishing) services.
|Parameter||To English||To Korean||Difference|
|Writing system||Latin (English alphabet)||Hangul/Chosongul (Hangul/Chosongul alphabet)||Different writing systems: drastic difference|
|Characters per word (average)||6||4||Noticeable|
|Text length (characters)||162% longer||62% shorter||Significant|
Text length and document layout
The main factors influencing the length and layout of the translated document are:
- Writing system of the target language
- Writing direction
- Word length
- Relative lengths of the texts
English uses Latin alphabet, whereas Korean employs Hangul/Chosongul alphabet. It may make the translated text shorter or longer than the original, and makes selecting the correct font for the target language essential. Given the same font size, Latin symbols are generally 67% smaller than the Hangul/Chosongul ones.
Both languages are read left-to-right, meaning that there should be no significant changes to the layout in terms of the order of text elements.
Words in English are, on average, 6 characters long, and Korean words are 4 characters long. This might result in lines of text not being distributed similarly between the source and the target text.
On average, documents translated to English are 162% longer than source texts in Korean. On the other hand, Korean texts are 62% shorter than their English counterparts. It means that some formatting differences are to be expected in the translated texts. Please note, that the actual visual length is also influenced by the font used.
Depending on your needs, the word order might be rather important for the translation. Things like slogans and brand names may convey an entirely different meaning, if their word order is changed.
The standard word orders of the languages are different. Various sentence structures may still be possible, but they might have a different meaning or change their style.
Dialects and varieties
English has 3 major varieties: US, UK, and Australian. It is essential for you to choose, which form or dialect to translate to. This is because each variety, from the point of view of the other types, can feel unnatural, misleading, or plainly inappropriate for the text.
If you are not sure, which form to choose for your document, the safe choice is the more widespread one, or the one understood by most speakers. For English, it is the US variety.
Translation complexity is partially dependent on how closely the languages are related. The further apart the languages are, the more time and effort it takes to express an idea from one language in another one. As a consequence, it affects the price and time it takes to translate a document between English and Korean.
The languages in question belong to different families — English is Indo-European, while Korean is Koreanic. It means that a relatively more skilled translator is needed for the job, especially if technical documents, e.g. patents, are in question.