The biggest languages present in Afghanistan include:

  • Persian
  • Pashto

The same 2 languages serve as the official languages of the country.

Below you will find summaries for the languages supported by our translation services.


Persian belongs to the Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is one of the official languages of Afghanistan, alongside 2 other.

Persian language summary
Number of speakers worldwide110 million
Language familyIndo-European
WritingPersian abjad
Major Persian-speaking populations in:5 countries

Demographics and geographic distribution

More than a hundred million people use Persian as their language of day-to-day communication. Iraqi, Uzbek, and Iranian markets, for example, might be expected to use Persian in business and daily communications, at least to some extent.


Persian uses the Arabic abjad. It employs the extended version of the script, however, with 4 additional symbols. It is written from right to left.

Translation services

If you intend to expand to the Afghan market via the Persian language, you might be interested in the following services:

Related services

We hope you have found the answers to the question “What languages are spoken in Afghanistan“. If you wish to know more about these languages or would like to inquire about our translation services, please contact us at [email protected].

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